Is pay for essay legit?

Open Access is a scholarly publishing model that makes research freely available to all readers—that is, papers and research are no longer hidden behind paywalls. However, authors usually pay for essay processing fee to publish research publicly. Can I Buy Essays Online?

Unfortunately, many scientists lack the funds to cover these publication fees, so this fee becomes a stumbling block for researchers in publishing OA papers.

How to reduce the cost of publishing OA papers?

There are many ways to help researchers achieve this goal. One is to include OA publication costs in the budget when applying for grants or find opportunities to reduce costs to acceptable levels if the research funding agency allows it.

But what if you have passed the funding application stage? You can refer to the following suggestions:

  • Select journals or publishers that offer fee waivers. For example, Elsevier, Wiley, and SpringerOpen offer exemptions for individual authors. Elsevier reviews applications on a case-by-case basis, while SpringerOpen and Wiley weigh exemption applications based on a country’s income level. 
  • If you are unsure whether your target journal is one of these publishers, check online or ask the editorial office before submitting your paper.
  • Choose journals with lower fees.
  • For example, PeerJ offers lower fees than other journals, which may be more useful if fee waivers are unavailable at the journal. 
  • Check with your university or institution.
  • Universities may have programs to help authors pay for publication fees or may offer exemptions to researchers. If you are unsure if your university has such a program, contact your treasurer, or check with the dean’s office.
  • Collaborate with others.
  • Not only does collaborating help improve research, but spreading the cost of publishing among several scientists, rather than paying for them all, makes the cost considerably lower.
  • Reduce the number of images, tables, or pages.

If your target journal still publishes print editions and charges for color versus black and white printing differ, use black and white images rather than color images whenever possible.

Reducing the number of images and tables can help reduce article length and thus lower overall pay for essay. Fees may also be higher if images have a lot of detail or are in color and can be reduced by combining images or changing to supplementary material.

Avoid predatory journals and publishers.

These fraudulent groups will usually email you for submissions, but sometimes they will advertise themselves. These journals often charge as much or more than legitimate publishers, but your paper will be adversely affected by affiliation with these journals.

Avoid predatory journals and publishers.

These fraudulent groups will usually email you for submissions, but sometimes they will advertise themselves. These journals often charge as much or more than legitimate publishers, but your paper will be adversely affected by affiliation with these journals.

If unsure whether a journal is a predatory journal, go to Think.Check.Submit. or check the Directory of Open Access Journals . for a list of journals. Both of these resources are regularly updated.

The costs associated with OA publishing may seem daunting at first glance, but the methods above can help overcome this hurdle. If you know in advance that your article will be published as an OA, you can include the publication fee when you submit your grant application. Many funding agencies offer this funding to researchers.

In addition to asking funders, you can also ask publishers and research institutions. Between these three pillars, finding the financial support needed to publish a paper should always be possible.

One metric used to assess the level of publication by researchers and scholars is the number of articles in which they appear as authors or co-authors. However, the criteria used to determine whether a person qualifies as an author of an article are not typical and difficult to enforce. Thus, the pressure on researchers (and their institutions) to publish in peer-reviewed journals can lead to the emergence of so-called “ghost authors.” A ghost author is someone who is eligible to be an author of an article but is not listed as an author.

Concerns about ghost authorship

One of the ethical problems with ghost authors is that they can misrepresent the credibility of a study. For example, parties with vested or commercial interests may reportedly hire ghost authors to draft manuscripts while attributing articles to recognized scientists to increase the likelihood that the paper will be accepted and disseminated.

Another ethical issue with ghost authors is that “power relations and expectations” can lead to senior scientists being listed as authors of articles that do not meet authorship criteria.

Conversely, junior researchers or students may not be recognized as authors despite making sufficient contributions to qualify them for authorship.

Interestingly, while ghost authors are generally understood to be a problem that can arise when submitting manuscripts to academic journals, a recent study showed that ghost authors are also standard during peer review.

Researchers have found that postdocs and graduate students often respond to peer review comments as part of their academic training without recognition.

Recognize issues of authorship

Author lists in academic articles are getting longer, making it challenging to identify ghost authors. However, the Committee on Publication Ethics ( COPE ), an organization dedicated to promoting ethical practices and guidelines in scholarly articles, guides how to spot potential authors, including the issue of ghost authors. Some signs of suspicious authorship include unresponsive corresponding authors, questionable file attributes, similar papers published under different author names, and missing roles in author contributions.

Ways to Stop Ghost Authors

Ghost authors are a recognized problem in the academic publishing community. As a result, guidelines from some organizations propose increasing transparency in published articles and reducing the frequency of ghost authors. For example, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ( ICMJE ) was one of the first organizations to develop authorship guidelines.

  • To be listed as an author in a study, an individual must meet all of the following criteria:
  • Substantially contributed to the conception or design of research work or the acquisition, analysis, and interpretation of data.
  • Draft drafts or revise them rigorously.
  • Final approval of the version for publication.
  • Agree to be responsible for the article.

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